LVDVS DOMESTICVS: '02-'03.
§ As we take up our Latin studies again in the second semester, we turn to the author of an immortal adventure story written at the time of Nero [54-68 post Chr.], by the name of 'Satyricon' (still celebrated in Rome by the name of restaurants-movies) which means a "mixture-platter of various things: prose,poetry". the author is GAIVS PETRONIVS ARBITER who was commanded by Nero to kill himself. His story is a monument of daily-living Latin.
A] (in the middle of a famous dinner given by Trimalchio on his birthday):
"Puer calicem proiecit, ad quem respiciens* Trimalchio: 'cito' inquit 'te ipsum caede, quia nugax es' ../.. et 'aquam foras vinum intro' clamavit. Excipimus urbanitatem iocantis+, et ante omnes Agamemnon, qui sciebat quibus meritis§ revocaretur ad cenam. Ceterum laudatus Trimalchio hilarius% bibit et iam +ebrio proximus: 'nemo' inquit 'vestrum& rogat Fortunatam meam ut saltet? Credite mihi: cordacem nemo melius ducit'. Atque ipse (erectis supra frontem manibus) Syrum histrionem exhibebat" [n.52].
VOCABVLA respiciens=looking-back. +iocantis=of-the-one-making-jokes. quibus meritis=by which merits. hilarius=more joyfully. +ebrio=to a drunken-person. &vestrum=of ye. ut=that, so that: with subjunctive: '---may...' cordax,cordacis=a rude greek, cancan dance. melius=better, in a better way. erectis---manibus=the hands having been put up.
- If the verb is: 'laudo,are...' then "laudatus" in L.4 alone means:=
- If the verb is "credo,credere,credidi,creditum=to trust,entrust,BELIEVE", then your recent Latin training tells you that: 'credite' in L.5 must function as what in Latin? ________ and its reversed will be:= ________ and as super Latin students you can also give the alternative form of that verb with much the same force-meaning:
- When you see such Latin words like: "urbanitatEM" - "histrionEM" -"frontEM" - "calicEM" what function do you also register in your Latin brain?
If you want-ought to find the exact meaning of these words, what is the dictionary problem involved? explain=
So how are those four words found in your DICT. in order?
And their reversed form will have to be as used here?
- What different English meaning are you going to attach to the similar Latin forms here: 'ad QUEM'= ________ 'QVIA'= ________ 'QVI'= ________
- If the verb is: "caedo,caedere,cecidi,caesum=to strike,beat,whip", then considering the "one letter" factor in the Latin language, give us the exact meaning for these forms: a) 'caedO'= ________ [reversed: ________]. b)'caedE'= ________ [reversed: ________]. c) 'cecidI'= ________ [reversed: ________].
- If the verb Times here are: 'es' ________, 'sciebat' _________, 'ducit' ________, 'Excipimus' __________, 'proiecit' __________ 'rogat' ________:
Then give the exact meaning for: 'proicit'= ________, 'excepimus'= ________, 'duxit'= ________, 'rogabat'= ________, 'clamabit'= ________.
- Your DICT. is going to give you a problem-doubt in the form: "BIBIT": why?
- If "Fortunata" is Trimalchio's wife, if 'revocaretur' means=he was being recalled, if the 'ipse-ipsum'=himself,yourself,etc. YOU can render the very living Latin text of 1940 years ago perfectly if you read-think-analyze!!!
- By the way: for your future Latin vocabulary, you can consider that 'frontem' in L.6 and tell your students the difference between: "fons,fontis"= ________, and "frons,frontis"= ________, and "frons,frondis"= ________.
- +Then put into your best Latin the epitaph which H.G.Wells [1866-1946] English novel suggested for himself in 1939: "God damn* you all: I told you so".
VOCABVLA so=sic,ita. tell=dico,ere. you:here=vobis. N.B. 'damn'=damno,are:here used in the only imperative-command form you have learned. all=the plural of 'omnis,e' soon to come in class.
+Then you can also put into perfect Latin the last saying of Simonides, as reported by HERODOTVS [485-425 ante Chr.]: "Go! tell the Spartans - thou who passest by (that) here obedient to their laws we lie". (N.B. 300 Spartans killed at Thermopylae in 480 ante Chr.)
VOCABVLA go=ire. tell=inform:doceo,ere. Spartan=Lacaedemonius,i-m. pass by=transire. to:here=toward (in several Latin prepositions). their='eorum'--[soon in class]. lie=iaceo,iacere. obedient=oboediens (oboedientis); BL. ii). put the two commands in the normal command-imperative forms.
B] (one of the participants in the dinner party reports his experience):
"lam ego etiam tot malis* fatigatus minimum quidem gustum hauseram somni*; idem et tota intra forisque familia fecerat, Atque alii circa pedes discumbentium** sparsi iacebant, alii parietibus** appliciti quidam in ipso limine coniunctis manebant capitibus" [n.22].
VOCABVLA tot malis*=with-by so many troubles-evils. somni*=of sleep. idem=the same, thus. familia=servants-group, *discumbentium=of the-ones-lying-around. parietibus=to the walls. coniunctis...capitibus=heads having been joined. quidam=certain-people. in limine=on the threshold.
- From the verbs you know or can find in the DICT. the forms here: "fatigatus" - "sparsi" - "appliciti" must mean all alone in their verb forms:=
- Your DICT. may-must give you the special meaning for the: "alii...alii combination from: 'alius...alius':=
- Identify the Times: 'fecerat' ________, 'manebant ________, 'hauseram' ________.
- Your own version of the living life-description:=
First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster
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