LVDVS DOMESTICVS: '02-'03.
§ A final selection of texts from various authors of Latin literature illustrates some of the last elements of our 'First Experience' of the Latin language: 2002-2003.
A] As our great MARCVS TVLLIVS CICERO [106-43 ante Chr.] opened our First Experience with his personal letters so also he will conclude our school year:
"Formias nunc sequimur; eodem* nos fortasse Furiae persequentur. Ex Balbi autem sermone, quem tecum habuit, non probamus de Melita" [Ad Atticum X,18,2].
VOCAB. Formiae,arum-f.=an oceanside city of the Romans where Cicero had a villa and was killed and buried! eodem*=to the same place. Furiae, cf.DICT. Melita,ae-f=Malta, as a suggestion for flight from Caesar as he was taking over Italy in the civil war.
- With what form-case are the Latin prepositions: "ex-de" used? ________ what therefore will be the reversed of the objects of those prepositions in Cicero's text?
- What do we mean by a 'deponent verb' in Latin? WHY that terminology?
- There are two ways of recognizing-knowing a deponent verb in Latin: [one as indicated here in Cicero's daily Latin]=
- What is the general meaning-force of the ABLATIVE form-case in Latin?
- If your DICT. gives you "sequor,sequi,secutus=to follow then to what verb Group does it belong? ________ In working with such a verb, what is the simple trick to avoid desperation-confusion? ________ Therefore, you can give us the remaining five Times with the same subject as Cicero's verb:=
- If your DICT. gives you: 'persequor,persequi,persecutus=to pursue' then here you must see what Time? ____. What will be the reversed of that verb form here in that Time? ________ Give the other five Times with the same subject:=
- Your own version of Cicero's e-mail talk to his best friend Atticus:
///// FREE QUESTION: what was the worst part-element-aspect of your First Latin Experience?
B] A very much neglected AVRELIVS AVGVSTINVS [354-430 post Chr.] also helps us end the year.
"Multi autem modi sunt quibus nobiscum loquitur Deus. Loquitur aliquando per aliquod instrumentum, sicut per codicem divinarum scripturarum; loquitur per aliquod elementum mundi sicut per stellam Magis* locutus est. Quid est enim locutio nisi significatio voluntatis? Loquitur per sortem, sicut Matthia in locum Iudae ordinando locutus est; loquitur per animam humanam sicut per prophetam" [Sermo XII,4,4].
VOCAB. aliqui,aliqua,aliquod=some. nisi=unless,if not. sors,sortis-f.=lots,chance.
- If your analysis of the text some day will tell you that: "Magis" (Magi=three kings) is DATIVE, then what meanings are you going to give that form in the vernacular?=
- If the Time of 'multi modi sunt' is ____, then the time of 'locutus est' must naturally be: _____.
- What is going to be the necessary and natural understanding of the words here "IN locUM Iudae"? ________ What do all the 'per' here mean?
- If the preposition "de" in Latin is used with: _________, then identify the words here that depend on that same preposition: [N.B. 'ordinandus,a,um=ordaining, to be ordained']:=
- If the reversed of: 'per codicem' is _________, then the reversed of "per stellam" must be:=
- Instead of the 'per sortem' how could Augustinus have said "BY-WITH-FROM-IN lots-chance"?
- If the reversed of: 'divinarum scripturarum' is= ________ then the reversed of 'significatio voluntatis' must also be:=
- What kind of verb in Latin is: 'loquitur'? ________ HOW do you know?
What will this simple phrase mean to you and any hound dog passing in front of the Gregoriana: "Dicitur propheta quia loquitur uti propheta' ??=
According to your Latin class training what will this simply phrase mean: "Ab ea celebrabimur prophetae, quia ea loquemur prophetae voce menteque" ??=
////// free question: what was the best part-element-aspect of your First Latin Experience?
C] As an example of modern Latin the Latin documents of CONSILIVM VATICANVM SECVNDVM [1962-1965] are outstanding and immortal. Here are some texts:
+ "Sacra Synodus recentiorum Summorum Pontificum doctrinam de inviolabilibus humanae personae iuribus necnon de iuridica ordinatione societatis evolvere intendit" [Decem. 7,1965]
VOCAB. synodus,i-F.=assembly,synod. evolvere=to develop. ordinatio,onis-f.=organization. recentior,(oris)=more recent. Summus Pontifex=highest pontiff. necnon=and also.
- Where do you find: 'iuribus' in your DICT.?
- If the adjective is 'inviolabilis,e' then what did you learn about the ABL. sing. of the same word [or here the reversed of the Council's text]?=
- Your own version of the modern Latin:
- How will you say in your own Latin: "The teaching of the Pontiffs will be developed by the Sacred Synod and its members [particeps,ticipis]" =
+ "Quae de iure hominis ad libertatem religiosam declarat haec* Vaticana Synodus, fundamentum habent in dignitate personae, cuius exigentiae +rationi humanae+ plenius innotuerunt per saeculorum experientiam" [ibidem].
VOCAB. haec*=this (fem.subject). exigentia,ae-f.=demand. +rationi humanae+=TO human reason-thought. plenius=more fully.
- Express the antecedent of that "quae" in Latin ________, and tell us what it is going to do here:
- Two English versions of the 'cuius':=
- The reversed of: 'iure'= ________ 'dignitate'= ________
- Your personal version:
First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster
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