Lesson 15: The Verb "To Be"
Learning how to form all times of the verb "to be"
In every language, the verb to be is highly irregular, and Latin is no different.
The 4 principal parts of the verb "to be": sum, esse, fui, futurus,a,um
- Time 1 has to be memorized (but notice the endings still follow what we learned in Lesson 2: sum, es, est, sumus, estis, sunt
- Time 2 is formed beginning with: eram..... the rest is formed as learned in Lesson 2
- Time 3 begins with "ero", and then the 'o' becomes an 'i' as you form the other endings, with one exception, the they form is "erunt"
- Times 4-6 are formed from the 3rd principal part "fui", as just learned in Lesson 14
The Germans among us will like to make tables:
Now go on to Homework 10-11
- There is no direct object of the verb "to be" - it always takes the subject form. Also similar verbs like "appear", "remain", "become" do not take a direct object (accusative case) but only the subject form (nomitive case) as they are connecting verbs, not action verbs.
- There is an adjective "summus" which means "high", not "sumus" - "we are"
- In Italian "ero" means "I was", but in Latin it is T.3, I shall be.
"Everything sounds better in Latin." - Fr. Foster
First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster
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