Lesson 18: Verb Times 1-3
Learning to recongnize and to form Verb Times 1, 2, and 3
Once one knows the 4 verb groups, presented in Lesson 17 and recalls the meaning of these times from Lesson 12 one can make the following table.
Instructions: instead of trying to memorize 24 different endings for each time, just look at the patterns. Spend no more than 2-3 minutes memorizing the patterns by which to form the different verb times.
|Group 1 = Are||Group 2 = Ere
- The "..." means one simply changes the ending of the verbs, as learned way back in Lesson 2.
- * Notice how the "int" ending changes consistently: one never says "int", rather "unt" (or "iunt" in group 4 below).
|Group 3 = ere||Group 4 = Ire
Now go on to Homework 13 and then Homework 14 for practicing your verb times.
Time 1 is essentially the same, with the regular verb endings for all 4 verb groups, except having a different vowel. Notice how the vowel usually follows the group.
Time 2 is the same for all 4 verb groups, just adding -bam to the vowel which always follows the verb group.
Time 3 here is the most irregular of all 6 verb times. Beware of what can happen because of this - some examples:
scribo appears T.3, but is T.1; scribam appears T.2, but is T.3 - scribo, scribere (group 3)
monet is T.1, but dicet is T.3 - moneo, monere (group 2); dico, dicere (group 3)
Because of this, one has to know the vocabulary, and can't just rely on the endings.
First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster
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