Lesson 23: Genitive / Possesive

Learning a new noun function

Recall that so far we have learned that the endings of nouns indicate 2 functions: subject and object. Now we learn a 3rd function (eventually there will be 5).

The technical name for this is the Genitive function, which has two possible meanings:

  1. Of... = Genitive of Object
    love of Latin, hatred of racism, forgetful of you
    here the genitive has a likeness to being the object of the verb
  2. Posession = Ownership
    the son of Mary = Mary's son; the program of the school = the school's program the books of the girls = the girl's books
    here the genitive has no semblence of being an object

Forming the Genitive function of the Noun

A. The second form of both Block I and Block II nouns given in the Dictionary is the Genitive singular case:

Nouns in Dictionary
SubjectGenitiveGender
Block I
magistermagistri-m
discipulusdiscipuli-m
ancillaancillae-f
ecclesiaecclesiae-f
verbumverbi-n
Block II
homohominis-m
matermatris-f

B. The plural forms can be listed in table form:

Genitive in Block I
MasculineFeminineNeuter
Singular:-i-ae-i
Plural:-orum-arum-orum
Singular:discipuliecclesiaeverbiof the... student, church, word
Plural:discipulorumecclesiarumverborumof the... students, chuches, words

Genitive in Block II
Masculine, Feminine, and Neuter
NounsAdjective
Singular:-is-is
Plural:-um
[-ium %20 of time]
-ium
[-um 20% of time]
Singular:hominismemoris
felicis
of the... person, memorable person/thing, happy person/thing
plural:hominummemorum (20%)
feliciorum
of the... people, memorable persons/things, happy persons/things

Now go on to do Homework 21-22 and Homework 23.

N.B.

"I wish they had told us this fifty years ago." - Fr. Foster

First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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