Lesson 23: Genitive / Possesive
Learning a new noun function
Recall that so far we have learned that the endings of nouns indicate 2 functions: subject and object. Now we learn a 3rd function (eventually there will be 5).
The technical name for this is the Genitive function, which has two possible meanings:
- Of... = Genitive of Object
- love of Latin, hatred of racism, forgetful of you
- here the genitive has a likeness to being the object of the verb
- Posession = Ownership
- the son of Mary = Mary's son; the program of the school = the school's program the books of the girls = the girl's books
- here the genitive has no semblence of being an object
Forming the Genitive function of the Noun
A. The second form of both Block I and Block II nouns given in the Dictionary is the Genitive singular case:
|Nouns in Dictionary
B. The plural forms can be listed in table form:
|Genitive in Block I
|Singular:||discipuli||ecclesiae||verbi||of the... student, church, word
|Plural:||discipulorum||ecclesiarum||verborum||of the... students, chuches, words
|Genitive in Block II
|Masculine, Feminine, and Neuter
[-ium %20 of time]
[-um 20% of time]
|of the... person, memorable person/thing, happy person/thing
|of the... people, memorable persons/things, happy persons/things
Now go on to do Homework 21-22 and Homework 23.
"I wish they had told us this fifty years ago." - Fr. Foster
- The Genitive forms are very similar to other functions in Latin. Therefore we have to know our vocabulary.
- Thus "discipuli habent libros" has two possible meanings: "the students have the books" or "they have the books of the student".
- "Consilium omnium" = block 1 singular subject + block 2 genitive plural = the "advice of all people".
- Block 1 adjectives modifying a genitive noun will also take the genitive form, which is identical to the noun form of Block 1 (but always need to follow the gender: "nostrorum discipolorum" = "of our students", "agicolae boni" = "of the good farmer".
- To form genitive in Block 2, all singular subject nouns and adjectives end in -is, whether masculine, feminine or neuter, and for all 3 types of Block 2 adjectives.
- Like before, the endings of plural Block II adjectives are the reversed of Block II nouns.
First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster
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