Lesson 28: Ablative

Learning a new noun function

The technical name for this is the Ablative function, which is used in two ways:

  1. Natural meaning: by, with, from, in
    - This has a significance of seperation
  2. 50% of Prepositions
    - Recall in Lesson 5 we learned that half of prepositions take the accusative

Forming the Ablative function of the Noun

A. Block I Nouns and Adjectives (adjectives follow the nouns):

Block I Ablative
MasculineFeminineNeuter
SingularPluralSingularPluralSingularPlural
Ending:-o-is-is-o-is
Noun:ventoventisgratiàgratiissignosignis
Adjective:magnomagnisdivinàdivinisclaroclaris
Meaning:by great wind(s)with divine grace(s)from clear sign(s)

B. Block II Nouns and Adjectives:

Block II Ablative
NounsAdjectives
SingularPluralSingularPlural
-e
[-i 20%]
-ibus-i
[-e 20%]
-ibus
homine (m)hominibusnobilinobilibusby noble person(s)
virtute (f)virtutibusvehementivehementibusfrom violent powers(s)
nomine (n)nominibusnotabilinotabilibuswith notable name(s)

Now go on to Lesson 29

N.B.

First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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