Lesson 31: 20% Nouns

Learning the remaining 20% of nouns in your dictionary.

Recall that Block 1 makes up 40% of Latin nouns and 50% of Latin adjectives.
Block 2 also makes up 40% of Latin nouns and 50% of the adjectives.
This leaves the remaining 20% of nouns, which can be divided in 2 groups (traditionally called the 4th and 5th declension).


1. Looking in your dictionary, we see nouns such as
  • manus, manus -f. = hand
  • spiritus, spiritus -m. = spirit
  • vultus, vultus -m. = face
  • fructus, us -m. = fruit

Forming the different function of the "-us, -us" noun

CaseSingularPlural
Nominative (subject):-us-ùs
Accusative (object):-um-ùs
Genitive (possesive,of):-ùs-uum
Ablative (by,with,from,in):-u-ibus
Dative (to,for,from):-uì-ibus

Note: there are a few neuter nouns that look like "genu, genus -n. = knee", therefore they form slightly different in the subject and object:

CaseSingularPlural
Nominative (subject):-ua
Accusative (object):-ua
Dative (to,for,from):-ua

N.B.


2. Looking in your dictionary, we see nouns such as
  • species, speciei -f. = appearance
  • res, rei -f. = thing
  • facies, faciei -f. = face
  • fides, fidei -f. = faith
  • dies, diei -c. = day

Forming the different function of the "-es, -ei" noun

CaseSingularPlural
Nominative (subject):-es-es
Accusative (object):-em-es
Genitive (possesive,of):-ei-erum
Ablative(by,with,from,in):-e-ebus
Dative(to,for,from):-ei-ebus

N.B.

See my list of some of these 20% Nouns
Go on to Lesson 32

First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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