LVDVS DOMESTICVS: '03-'04.
Third Experience - Homework 1
§ One of the more subtle and deceptive parts of the Latin language is its use of the "reflexive pronoun". From your class experience, what do we mean exactly by such a Creature?:
Very briefly in English give some varied examples of the 'reflexive pronoun - reflexive possessive adjective' with various subjects:=
Answer: in Latin we have reflexive pronouns and reflexive possessive adjectives for
which subjects? [mark the pertinent ones]: we she they you I he ye it.
In this whole story of the reflexive what is the magic word to arrive at the meaning of the 'reflexive'?
And if we do not have a case of the reflexive, what do we do to express our pronouns and our possession expressions? [Think hard!]:
§ Our Third Experience is properly opened by the father of Latinity: MARCVS TVLLIVS CICERO [who lived between 106th year and 43rd year of the age before Christ].
PUT THAT INTO YOUR OWN LATIN: experientia,ae=experience. properly [soon in class!]=apte;convenienter. Latinity:Latinitas,atis. live=vivere. age=aetas,saeculum.
A] "Sed tamen, si sciam quid tu constitueris, meum consilium accommodabo potissimum ad tuum; qua re exspecto tuas litteras" [Ad Fam. IX, 7,2].
VOCAB. accommodare=adapt,accommodate. potissimum=most especially. constituere=decide.
B] "Res tamen publica per vos brevi tempore il suum recperabit. Ego tuis neque desum neque deero. Qui si quae* ad me referent, mea tibi benevolentia fidesque praestabitur" [Ad Fam. XII,2,3].
- From the verb 'scio,scire=to know', what Time do-must you see in that "sciam"? ________
And its reversed will have to be: ________. And for you right now, what Time must
appear in the Latin form: 'constitueris'? ________, meaning:
- In this simple note-paper sentence of Cicero, point out any reflexive:
- What is the reversed of 'accommodabo'?= ________ 'exspecto'?= ________
- The exact meaning of the few words for the famous Varro the recipient AND for you:
- Rethink the whole phrases and give the passive [idea first, then its Latin] for:
'meum consilium accommodabo'=
'exspecto tuas litteras'=
- Thinking hard about your 'reflexive' teachings write some simple phrases with Cicero's
"we were expecting her letters"=
"he will ee expecting his-own letters"=
"you have expected my and their letters"=
"she will adapt her plan to ours"
VOCAB. brevi tempore=INTRA breve tempus. reciperare=recuperate,get-back. desum,deesse,defui=be lacking,fail. quae=things. refero,referre=to report, relate. praestare=give,show,guarantee.
C] "Ut scribis, omnes vires civitatis se ad Pompei ductum applicaverunt tuumque simul
promptum animum et alacrem perspexi" [Ad Fam. III,11,4].
- When any Latinist in the world gees the combination: 'ius suum' what possible meanings does the person attach immediately to the possessive reflexive adjective: 'suum'?=
What is the solution to resolving the meaning problem? EXPLAIN:
- From the adjective of last year: 'tuus,a,um=your,yours', what is the full meaning for
The form alone: "tui"= ________ "tuae"= ________ "tua"= ________
Here it is in the DATIVE and therefore must mean in vernacular languages:=
- What does 'per vos' in Latin never mean? ________ How do you say with a preposition: 'for-on behalf of ye' ??=
- The big question-doubt for students is: if that "suum" according to our training must refer to
the subject "res pub." which is fem., how can it mean ________ and why is it ________?
EXPLAIN for your students:
- Your own version or the daily Latin of Cicero:
- What is the reversed of 'ius suum'= ________ 'reciperabit'= ________ 'praestabitur'= ________
- SAY in your own correct Latin: "We shall have recuperated our and their rights, when
(cum) the republic's citizens will be giving-showing their benevolence":=
VOCAB. vis=force: its PLURAL=vires!! cf.DICT. ut=just as. ductus,us-m.=leadership. applicare=devote,dedicate,apply. perspicio,ere=comprehend,understand.
- What does the little word "se" do-function as in the Latin language? EXPLAIN:
What all meanings can 'se' have in Latin? ________ HOW do I decide on one?
- So what is the essential difference between: "omnis vir se ad ductum applicaBit"=
And "omnes viri se applicaverAnt"=
"omnis mulier se ad ductum applicabat"=
- If according to your superb Latin training the reversed number-form of that
'animUM' must be: ________ then the reversed or 'ductUM' must be: ________.
What is your salvation in such Latin questions-problems? EXPLAIN:
- If the reversed of: 'scribIS' is: ________ then the reversed of 'civitatIS' must be: ________.
- If the reversed of "PompeI" is ________ then the reversed of 'perspexI' must be: ________.
- How will you express in the Latin passive form-voice for the whole Latin phrase here:
'tuum promptum animum et alacrem perspexi'?? [RETHINK!]
- If the reversed in Latin of "applicaverInt" is: ________ then the reversed of
the form in Cicero: "applicaverUnt" will have to be= ________.
- Say in Latin: "All things which I learned before are in my head and I shall use [adhibere] them with great diligence"
Third Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster
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