Experience III, Lesson 11: Verb Contractions

Learning to see the contracted form of verbs.

For the ancient Romans, there was no "V" but rather a "U". This created a very different sound for a number of words.
When pronounced, the "UE" or "UI" sound was not so strong as our "V", and so it would be dropped.
e.g. amo, amare - to love; in T.4 Tu amavistis = amauistis -> amastis; T.5 Ei amaverant = amauerant -> amarant

This contracted form is used in Latin until the 20th century.

A few more examples - Drop "VE" or "VI"

VerbTime and PersonFormContraction
ADSUESCO, ADSUESCERE, ADSUEVI, ADSUETUS - accustomT.6 egoadsueveroadsuero
AEDIFICO, AEDIFICARE, AEDIFICAVI, AEDIFICATUS - buildT.4 eiaedificaveruntaedificarunt
COGITO, COGITARE, COGITAVI, COGITATUS - thinkT.4 eicogitaveruntcogitarunt
CONSUESCO, CONSUESCERE, CONSUEVI, CONSUETUS - become/be accustomedT.6 eiconsueverintconsuerint
SINO, SINERE, SIVI, SITUS - allowT.6 eisiverintsirint
VIVIFICO, VIVIFICARE, VIVIFICAVI, VIVIFICATUS - make liveT.4 tuvivificavistivivificasti
CORONO, CORONARE, CORONAVI, CORONATUS - crownT.4 tu
T.5 tu
T.6 tu
coronavisti
coronaveras
coronaveris
coronasti
coronaras
coronaris
NOSCO, NOSCERE - get to know; learnT.5 ego
T.6 ego
noveram
novero
noram
noro

Now go on to Homework 9

Third Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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