Experience III, Lesson 18: Passive and Deponent Subjunctive
Learning how to form the different Subjunctive Verb times for Passive and Deponent Verbs
Time 1 and Time 2 Subjunctive are formed identical to how we learned to make our active to passive "flip" in Lesson I-25. Form the active subjective as learned in Lesson 14 then flip passive.
dono, donare, donavi, donatus - to donate
Time 3 and Time 4 Subjunctive are formed by adding the Subjunctive form of the verb "to be" from Lesson 15 to the fourth part of the verb, T.1s and T.2s respectively.
- T.1s donet - he donates
- Passive: donetur - it is given
- T.2s donaremus - we donate
- Passive donaremur - we are given
Deponent verbs are formed the same way, but recall from Lesson I-30 they have active meaning.
- T.3s donaveris - you give
- Passive: donatus sis - you are given
- T.4s donavissent - they give
- Passive: donata essent - things are given
morior, mori, mortuus sum (Gp. 3) - to die
- T.1s moriar - I die
- T.2s moreretur - he dies
- T.3s mortuus sis - you die
- T.4s mortui essetis - ye die
Obviously the meanings given here are if these sound indicative, which subjunctives often can. More will be learned about the meaning of these different times in the next lesson.
Now go on to Homework 15+16
Third Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster
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