Experience III, Lesson 2: Passive Imperative

Learning the passive imperative and imperative of deponent verbs

Passive imperative

The meaning of the passive imperative (command):
"A" form (Present Imperative): you are to be ..., ye are to be ...
"B" form (Future Imperative): you/he/she/it/one/ye/they must be ...
The "looks" of the passive imperative "A" form:
The singular tu form is the same as the infinitive of the verb
The plural vos form is the same as the present passive vos form
This same form will be used to form the imperative with deponent verbs.
Grp I Verbs (Are)
celebro, celerbrare - to celebrate
Passivetu celebrarevos celebraminiyou / ye are to be celebrated
laetor, laetari - to rejoice
Deponenttu laetarevos laetiminiyou rejoice, ye rejoice

Grp II Verbs (Ere)
terreo, terrere - to terrify
Passivetu terrerevos terreminiyou / ye are to be terrified
fateor, fateri - to admit, confess
Deponenttu faterevos fateminiyou confess, ye confess

Grp III Verbs (êre)
pono, ponere - to put, place
Passivetu ponerevos poniminiyou / ye are to be put
sequor, sequi - to follow
Deponenttu sequerevos sequiminiyou follow, ye follow

Grp IV Verbs (Ire)
vestio, vestire - to clothe
Passivetu vestirevos vestiminiyou / ye are to be clothed
largior, largiri - to grant
Deponenttu largirevos largiminiyou grant, ye grant

Example: ne terrere = do not be afraid

Examples of Deponent Imperatives that look passive but have active meaning:

"B" form of the imperative

Using our passive trick, simply add an r to the end of the "B" form imperative (Lesson I-21) to make it passive.
Examples:
tu movetor = you shalt be moved
id cantator = it must be sung
litterae scribuntor = the letter must be written
Why is the plural "litterae" translated as singular?
Because singular "littera" means a letter of the alphabet, plural "litterae" means a letter you mail (though it could also be plural).

Now go on to Homework 2

Third Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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