Experience III, Lesson 21: Participle Forms and Meanings

Learning the natural meanings of Participles

Using the four following Non-Deponent verbs as examples:
CANTO, CANTARE, CANTAVI, CANTATUS = to sing
MOVEO, MOVERE, MOVI, MOTUS = to move
DIRIGO, DIRIGERE, DIREXI, DIRECTUS = to direct, guide
SENTIO, SENTIRE, SENSI, SENSUS = to feel

ActivePassiveNatural Meaning
Contemporaneouscantans (cantantis)
movens (moventis)
dirigens (dirigentis)
sentiens (sentientis)
<<<---No Passive--->>>singing
moving
guiding
feeling
Antecedent<<<---No Active--->>>cantatus,a,um
motus,a,um
directus,a,um
sensus,a,um
having been sung
having been moved
having been directed
having been felt
Futuritycantaturus,a,um
moturus,a,um
directurus,a,um
sensurus,a,um
<<<------>>>about to sing
going to move
intending to steer
Necessity<<<------>>>cantandus,a,um
movendus,a,um
dirigendus,a,um
sentiendus,a,um
needing to be sung
having to be sung
to be sung

Forming the Participles

Now go on to Lesson 22: Deponent Participles

Third Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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