Experience III, Lesson 5: Adverbs and Comparison

Learning to form Adverbs

As with adjectives, adverbs can also take three degrees: positive, comparative, superlative.
We translate the comparative and superlative much with like the adjectives:
Positive: quietly
Comparative: more quietly; rather quietly, somewhat quietly, quite quietly
Superlative: most quietly; very quietly
Unlike adjectives, Adverbs never change! They always have the same form, and do not change gender and case.

Forming Positive Adverbs

For Block 1 Adjectives, the adverb is formed by the ending -è (i.e. a long 'E'):

Positive AdjectivePositive Adverb
honestus, -a, -umhonestèhonestly
piger, -gra, -grumpigrèlazily

For Block 2 Adjectives, recall there are different types.

For those with 2 or 3 forms, the ending is '-iter'
For those with 1 form, the ending is '-er'

Positive AdjectivePositive Adverb
nobilis, nobilenobiliternobly
dulcis, dulcedulcitersweetly
prudens (prudentis)prudenterprudently
aman (amantis)amanterlovingly
diligens (dilifentis)diligenterdiligently

Forming Comparative Adverbs

The comparative adverb is identical to the Neuter Comparative Adjective (learned in last lesson with the '-ius' ending)

Positive AdjectiveComparative Adverb
honestus, -a, -umhonestiusmore honestly
piger, -gra, -grumpigriusmore lazily
nobilis, nobilenobiliusmore nobly
prudens (prudentis)prudentiusmore prudently

Superlative Adverb

The superlative adverb forms by adding the long 'E' ending to the Superlative Adjective (learned in last lesson with the '-issimus' ending)

Positive AdjectiveSuperlative Adverb
honestus, -a, -umhonestissimèmost honestly
piger, -gra, -grum*pigerrimèmost lazily
nobilis, nobilenobilissimèmost nobly
prudens (prudentis)prudentissimèmost prudently

N.B.

Now go on to Lesson 6

"Are you thinking?" - Fr. Foster

Third Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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